Types of Disabilities

What is a disability?

A disability is defined as a physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities.

The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual impairment, mental illness, and various types of chronic diseases.

What are the different types of disabilities?



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A condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the level expected of those of the same age, especially when not associated with a physical handicap.


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There are people that have minor to serious vision disabilities or impairments. These injuries can also result into some serious problems or diseases like blindness and ocular trauma, to name a few.

Some of the common vision impairment includes scratched cornea, scratches on the sclera, diabetes related eye conditions, dry eyes and corneal graft.

Hearing loss, deafness, hard of hearing, anacusis, or hearing impairment, is defined as a partial or total inability to hear. In children it may affect the development of language and can cause work related difficulties for adults.


Hearing loss is caused by many factors, including: genetics, age, exposure to noise, illness, chemicals and physical trauma.



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